MCD Inc.

Publications & Research

Reduced Prevalence of Malaria Infection in Children Living in Houses with Window Screening or Closed Eaves on Bioko Island, Equatorial Guinea

Previous studies demonstrated that fewer mosquitoes enter houses which are screened or have closed eaves.

Reducing costs and operational constraints of dengue vector control by targeting productive breeding places:

A multi-country non-inferiority cluster randomized trial.

Reducing costs and operational constraints of dengue vector control by targeting productive breeding places: a multi-country non-inferiority cluster randomized trial

To test the non-inferiority hypothesis that a vector control approach targeting only the most productive water container types gives the same or greater reduction of the vector population as a non-targeted approach in different ecological settings and to analyse whether the targeted intervention is less costly.

RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE PREVALENCE OF PARASITEMIA IN PREGNANT WOMEN AND CHILDREN: BIOKO ISLAND MALARIA INDICATOR SURVEY 2008-2015

Pregnant women have been one of the main targets in the efforts to control malaria and in some settings they are routinely screened and treated or provided anti malaria prophylaxes and also provided ITNs.

ONE YEAR OF COMMUNITY LED LARVICIDING: BIOKO ISLAND

Background: Larviciding has historically recorded success in vector control, known to be effective in urban setting where breeding sites are generally and easily assessable.

MALARIA SURVEILLANCE DURING THE TRANSIT FROM CONTROL TO PRE-ELIMINATION

The 2012 WHO manual of surveillance for malaria control proposed the monitoring of suspected cases, however the same manual fostered the use of confirmed malaria cases.

EVALUATING STRATIFIED MALARIA CONTROL INTERVENTIONS IN BIOKO ISLAND: DIFFERENT APPROACHES TO FOCALIZED INTENSIFIED MALARIA CONTROL INTERVENTIONS THROUGH SPATIAL CLUSTERING AND RISK MAPS

The Bioko Island Malaria Control Project (BIMCP) created a geo-referenced mapping system in 2012 assigning a unique identifier to all households similar to an address.

A CLUSTER RANDOMIZED TRIAL TO COMPARE BENDIOCARB AND DELTAMETHRIN FOR INDOOR RESIDUAL SPRAYING ON BIOKO ISLAND, EQUATORIAL GUINEA

Indoor residual spraying (IRS) - spraying the interior walls of houses with insecticide - has been used on Bioko for malaria control since 2004.

WHY NO NETS? AN IN-DEPTH INVESTIGATION INTO THE DECREASE IN NET ACCESS ON BIOKO ISLAND AFTER BEDNET DISTRIBUTION

From December 2014 to June 2015, the Bioko Island Malaria Control Project (BIMCP) conducted a mass-top up LLIN distribution campaign on Bioko Island, Equatorial Guinea.

STRATIFICATION OF INDOOR RESIDUAL SPRAYING (IRS) IN BIOKO ISLAND: METHODOLOGY AND IMPACT

The Bioko Island Malaria Control Project (BIMCP) uses a GIS-based Campaign Information Management System (CIMS) that uniquely identifies each household based on geographical location.

LAND COVER DETERMINANTS OF PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM PREVALENCE IN URBAN AND PERI-URBAN AREAS OF NORTHERN BIOKO ISLAND

Beginning in 2015, the Bioko Island Malaria Control Project (BIMCP) adopted a strategic and targeted approach of indoor residual spraying (IRS) for malaria prevention.

EQUATORIAL GUINEA'S FIRST EVER CLINICAL TRIAL: TOLERABILITY, SAFETY AND IMMUNOGENICITY OF PFSPZ VACCINE IN YOUNG EQUATOGUINEAN ADULTS

PfSPZ Vaccine is a candidate pre-erythrocytic malaria vaccine composed of radiation-attenuated, aseptic, purified, cryopreserved Plasmodium falciparum (Pf) sporozoites (SPZ).

QUANTIFICATION OF BED-NET LOSS AND LEAKAGE FOLLOWING A MASS-DISTRIBUTION CAMPAIGN ON BIOKO ISLAND USING THE CAMPAIGN INFORMATION MANAGEMENT SYSTEM (CIMS)

Between December 2014 and June 2015, the Bioko Island Malaria Control Project (BIMCP) distributed 149,287 long lasting insecticidal nets (LLIN) to 61,000 households on Bioko Island, achieving an Island-wide coverage of at least 1 LLIN per household of 87%.

Improved Monitoring of IRS coverage on Bioko Island through the use of GIS-Based Campaign Information Management System (CIMS)

A presentation concerning efforts made by the Bioko Island Malaria Control Project to strengthen the monitoring of IRS coverage through the use of a geographic information system based Campaign Information Management System running on Android-based tablets.

Five years of malaria control in the continental region, Equatorial Guinea

A successful malaria control programme began in 2004 on Bioko Island, Equatorial Guinea.

Light traps fail to estimate reliable malaria mosquito biting rates on Bioko Island, Equatorial Guinea

The human biting rate (HBR), an important parameter for assessing malaria transmission and evaluating vector control interventions, is commonly estimated by human landing collections (HLC).

Limited Usefulness of Microsatellite Markers From the Malaria Vector Anopheles gambiae When Applied to the Closely Related Species Anopheles melas

Anopheles melas is a brackish water mosquito found in coastal West Africa where it is a dominant malaria vector locally

How Much Does Malaria Vector Control Quality Matter: The Epidemiological Impact of Holed Nets and Inadequate Indoor Residual Spraying

Insecticide treated nets (ITN) and indoor residual spraying (IRS) are the two pillars of malaria vector control in Africa, but both interventions are beset by quality and coverage concerns.

Outdoor host seeking behaviour of Anopheles gambiae mosquitoes following initiation of malaria vector control on Bioko Island, Equatorial Guinea

Indoor-based anti-vector interventions remain the preferred means of reducing risk of malaria transmission in malaria endemic areas around the world.

Short Report: Estimation of the Human Blood Index in Malaria Mosquito Vectors in Equatorial Guinea after Indoor Antivector Interventions

We determined the Human Blood Index (HBI) of malaria mosquito vectors in Equatorial Guinea.

Plasmodium ovale curtisi and Plasmodium ovale wallikeri circulate simultaneously in African communities

It has been proposed that ovale malaria in humans is caused by two closely related but distinct species of malaria parasite, Plasmodium ovale curtisi and Plasmodium ovale wallikeri.

Determinants of bed net use in children under five and household bed net ownership on Bioko Island, Equatorial Guinea

As part of comprehensive malaria control strategies, the Bioko Island Malaria Control Project (BIMCP) distributed 110,000 long-lasting insecticide-treated nets (LLIN) in late 2007 with the aim of providing one net for each sleeping area.

Serological Markers Suggest Heterogeneity of Effectiveness of Malaria Control Interventions on Bioko Island, Equatorial Guinea

In order to control and eliminate malaria, areas of on-going transmission need to be identified and targeted for malaria control interventions.

Marked Increase in Child Survival after Four Years of Intensive Malaria Control

In malaria-endemic countries in Africa, a large proportion of child deaths are directly or indirectly attributable to infection with Plasmodium falciparum.

Targeted Top-Up of LLINs Bioko Island, Equatorial Guinea

The BIMCP is being implemented on Bioko Island, Equatorial Guinea, an Island with a population of approximately 250,000 people located in the Gulf of Guinea where malaria transmission is year-round and was the primary source of morbidity and mortality prior to the inception of the BIMCP in 2004.

Malaria Microscopy Competency in Liberia Post Ebola Disease Outbreak

Since 2010 Liberia has progressively moved toward parasitological diagnosis of malaria. However in the last two years - since the first confirmed case of Ebola virus disease (EVD) on March 17, 2014, through January 14, 2016, when the World Health Organization (WHO) declared an end to the most recent outbreaks - the public health system has been overwhelmed managing this new disease

A comparison of the effectiveness of Behavior Change Communication (BCC) plus repair kits and BCC alone in promoting repair of long-lasting insecticidal nets in Benin

We compared strategies to increase net durability in 2014. Three groups of 300 households (HH) were randomly assigned to two intervention arms and one control arm.

Lessons learned: Malaria Case Management training in Madagascar

To help scale up high-quality diagnosis and case management services for malaria and other febrile illnesses, MalariaCare is supporting Madagascar's National Malaria Control Program (NMCP) to conduct clinical case management training in the Menabe region, with training sites in Morondava, Belo, Miandrivazo and Mahabo

Relationship between the prevalence of parasitemia in pregnant women and children: Bioko Island Malaria Indicator Survey 2008 - 2015

Pregnant women have been one of the main targets in the efforts to control malaria and in some settings they are routinely screened and treated or provided anti malaria prophylaxes and also provided ITNs. Studies have indicated that they are more likely to have detectable malaria due to higher parasite densities.

One Year of Community Led Larviciding: Bioko Island

Larviciding has historically recorded success in vector control, known to be effective in urban setting where breeding sites are generally and easily assessable. This study is aimed accessing acceptability and implementation of a community led larviciding in a rural setting.

Malaria Incidence Among Oil/Gas Workers After Three Years of Indoor Residual Spraying (IRS) and two of Improved Case Management on Bioko Island, Equatorial Guinea (EG)

The Bioko Island Malaria Control Project (BIMCP) is a collaborative effort ofMarathon Oil, Atlantic Methanol (AMPCO) and partners, the government of Equatorial Guinea (EG), Medical Care Development International and other non-profit partners, and academic institutions. Its aim is to reduce malaria transmission and morbidity and mortality due to malaria in oil workers and in the general population though the use of indoor residual spraying (IRS) and other control measures.

Infection importation: a key challenge to malaria elimination on Bioko Island, Equatorial Guinea

The impact of importation of falciparum malaria from mainland Equatorial Guinea on malaria infection in non-travellers and travellers on Bioko Island was examined.

Increasing outdoor host seeking in Anopheles Gambiae over 6 years of vector control on Bioko Island

Vector control through indoor residual spraying (IRS) has been employed on Bioko Island, Equatorial Guinea, under the Bioko Island Malaria Control Project (BIMCP) since 2004. This study analyses the change in mosquito abundance, species composition and outdoor host-seeking proportions from 2009 to 2014,after 11 years of vector control on Bioko Island.

Outdoor biting by Anopheles mosquitoes on Bioko Island does not currently impact on malaria control

There have been many recent reports that the rate of outdoor biting by malaria vectors has increased. This study examined the impact this might have on malaria transmission by assessing the association between exposure to outdoor bites and malaria infection on Bioko Island, Equatorial Guinea.

Campaign Management Information System (CMIS) for Long-Lasting Insecticide-Treated Net (LLIN) Mass Distributions

MCDI is currently implementing an Android based tablet application designed to plan, manage, and monitor any service delivery campaigns at the household and individual level.

Factors Influencing the Effectiveness of Malaria Control in Bioko Island, Equatorial Guinea

The Bioko Island Malaria Control Project (BIMCP) has carried out intensive interventions since early 2004 to reduce malaria transmission through indoor residual spraying (IRS) and case management.

Country-level operational implementation of the Global Plan for Insecticide Resistance Management

Malaria control is reliant on the use of long-lasting pyrethroid-impregnated nets and/or indoor residual spraying (IRS) of insecticide.